Primate Species in Danger of Extinction.

Primate species from all across the world are in danger of extinction. According to a National Geographic news article published in February 2010, nearly half of the worlds primates are on the verge of extinction. According to latest reports released by IUCNs Species Survival Commission (SSC), eleven of the 25 most endangered primate species are found in Asia, five in Madagascar, six in continental Africa and three belong to Central and South America (National Geographic Society).
Most endangered primate species in Asia include Siau Island Tarsier, Javan Slow Loris, Simakobu or Pig-Tailed Snub-Nose Langur, Delacours Langur, Golden-headed Langur or Cat Ba Langur, Western Purple-faced Langur Trachypithecus, Grey-shanked Douc Monkey, Tonkin Snub-nosed Monkey. 

Eastern Black Crested Gibbon, Western Hoolock Gibbon and Sumatran Orangutan. Habitat loss and primate hunting are two major causes of declines in primate population in Asia. Threats to the existence of Tonkin snub-nosed monkeyinclude limited forest area, exploitation of forest timber and a wide variety of non-timber products, hunting, shifting cultivation and fuelwood collection and cattlestock grazing (Kamrani). Primates likely to get extinct in Madagascar are Greater Bamboo Lemur, Gray-headed Lemur, Sclaters Black Lemur, Northern sportive lemur and Silky Sifaka (Kamrani). The primate loss of life in Madagascar is attributed to habitat loss due to burning of forests for agriculture, logging etc. along with deforestation and human hunting for subsistence and other purposes (Fish). For instance, the Greater Bamboo Lemur faces extinction threats due to forest destruction for slash-and-burn agriculture, extensive cutting of rainforests for bamboo, along with hunting with slingshots (Animal Info). In Africa, Rondo Dwarf Galago, Roloway Guenon, Tana River Red Colobus, Niger Delta Red Colobus Monkey, Kipunji,

Cross River Gorilla are among the most endangered primate species (Kamrani). In Africa, major threats to the continued existence of the aforementioned species include habitat loss, subsistence hunting and hunting for bushmeat trading. An intertwining of these factors, such as logging companies killing wild animals for consumption or for profit, aggravates the problem of primate existence in the continent (Fish). Endanagered primate species in Central and South America include Cotton-top Tamarin, Variegated or Brown Spider Monkey, and Peruvian Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey. Major threats to primates in Central and South America include forest fragmentation and hunting (Fish). Hunting is aided by large body sizes of primates, making them easier to identify and capture (Fish).
Danger to the worlds primates has been constantly increasing. In 2002, one in three primate species was threatened with extinction. However, latest statistics report that, as of 2010, one in two primates is in danger of extinction. In the light of unchecked human activity, the number is likely to rise in future. Another major threat to primate existence is climate change. Research studies have started confirming that global climate change can cause primate extinction (Kennedy). With climate change an inevitable reality, threat to the world primates will be on the rise in future.
A wide number of conservation efforts are being undertaken to prevent primate species from becoming extinct. Dominant among international conservation effort is UNEPs GRASP or United Nations Environment Programs Great Ape Survival Project. GRASP is aimed at saving gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos and orangutans in equatorial Africa and south-east Asia, and is presently promoting ape eco-tourism to save primates species. This initiative has brought together several charities and wildlife organizations and is enjoying support and funding from governments and corporate sector alike (UNEP). Pan African Alliance Sanctuaries (PASA) is another organization active in Africa which unites several primate sanctuaries in the continent (UNEP). IUCNSCC Primate Action Fund also works for primate conversation the world-over (UNEP). A number of non-profit organizations and charities such as Save the Primates, Neotropical Primate Conservation in South and Central America and Primate Conservation Inc. work to conserve primates across the world. Their efforts range from blogging and creating awareness to sponsoring major primate protection initiatives (primate Conservation, Inc.). In Madagascar, primate protection efforts take the form of poverty alleviation initiatives (Butler). Sustained planned human efforts on a wider scale alone can salvage the situation and save rare precious primates. 


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