Japanese Culture

Japan has a very rich culture that has developed and advance over millennia. The prehistoric nature of the countrys culture which was during the prehistoric Jomon period developed to a modern hybrid culture which is a combination of North America, Asia, and Europe influences. With immigration from different continents, Japan itself experienced an era of isolation as due to the Tokugawa shogunate and was only ended during the Meiji period and the advent of The Black Ships.

History shows that there are many numbers of family forms that have existed in the Japanese culture through the matrilocal customs of Heian. Switching from a tolerant society with regards to legal family concerns to a more modern and pro-law society. Currently, there also exist a variety of family forms in Japan but the mainstay of the 20th century has been the agricultural household or the ie. This type of family system features a patriarchal head, dividing the work based on gender, also having a hierarchy by birth. This system covers the entire household, regardless of non-blood relatives, and thus provides a basis for extended family relations. Being stem-like, another characteristic of this family type is that (most probably) the eldest son will remain in the household to handle and take over the family business while caring for his aged parents and the other sons moves out of the household or sometimes establishing a branch of his own household which remains subordinate to the main family. The daughters marry into other families and in the hierarchy, the wife of the eldest son is the lowest in the household whose primary function is to create successors and also learn the new household through the guidance of her mother in law. Their primary goal was to provide resources to be passed on the next generations.

But this eventually changed with the post-war era as the families became fragmented and their primary goal changed to the basic needs that are food, shelter and clothing. The modern family became a smaller one. The culture of the contemporary family focused on addressing the primary needs. But the inner core of the family culture was retained. The father still was more of a provider the mother is the homemaker and the one who takes care of the children. The children focused on studying onto becoming a good provider or homemaker someday.

The Japanese society in particular is a patriarchal society. Needless to say, the men of the country have more responsibilities on their backs in terms of finance, while the women become the family-maker. The Japanese men are considered to be hardworking, reporting long hours in their work. The wife takes care of the well-being of the children, as well as the needs of her husband. The children are disciplined to be most respectful to their fathers. The family values of Japan are a strong bond with the members, as it is the basic unit of society.

Filipino Culture
Family plays an essential role in every Filipino. In the traditions and culture of the Filipino people, family always comes first and its something that defines a Filipino individual. Family is deemed to be the fundamental unit in the society. It serves as the security and support for Filipino youth and for the adult and old Filipinos, family is where one can always turn to no matter what the situation at hand is. Filipino culture strongly believes and practices traditional values.

Parents play a huge role and significantly influence their children. Filipinos have high regards when it comes to their parents and the elderly. Unlike those who come from the western cultures, Filipinos show a lot of respect for their parent by not calling them with their first names but with terms such as Daddy or Mommy, Mama or Papa, and Tatay or Nanay.

In a typical Filipino family, the parents work hard in order to provide for their children. Usually it is the father who is expected to bring the money in to the household. The parents suffer all the hardships in order to give their children a bright future. In turn, when these children grow up they are fully committed to help their parents and make their lives easier. Some children are even hesitant to move out of their parents home even when they are grown up.

One of the most admirable characteristics or personalities of Filipinos is on how respectful they are when it comes to the elderly. Even if the elder is not of their own blood, Filipinos show total admiration and respect for the elderly people. It can be credited to the way Filipinos have been raised up in their families. Every Filipino had been taught of showing regard to elderly. Homes for the aged are rarely considered by Filipinos as they do not think that sending their aged parents and grandparents to institutions is a good idea. Unlike Western cultures, Filipinos are not very much in support of homes for the aged.

As family is a fundamental institution for Filipinos, most Filipinas (women) are brought up to be completely faithful to her family. A Filipinas family is always her first priority and there are cases that if she is asked to make a choice between her spouse and her family, the Filipinas answer would be her family. Women in the Filipino culture are brought up with the idea that her family will always be on her side no matter what. Aside from this, most Filipinas have been brought up in such culture that men should be the one doing the hard work for the family. Most Filipinas are still conservative and classical when it comes to their mindset that men should provide for their household. If problems between a Filipina and her spouse arise, the woman immediately comes to her family for help as she has strong ties to her relatives.


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